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Asthenosphere

The asthenosphere is the heichly viscous, mechanically waik an ductilely-defurmin region o the upper mantle o the Yird. It lies belaw the lithosphere, at depths atween ~80 an ~200 km ablo the surface. The lithosphere-asthenosphere boondary is uis ...

Limestane

Limestane is a sedimentary rock componed lairgely o the meenerals calcite an aragonite, which are different creestal forms o calcium carbonate.

Loch

A loch is a muckle bit o watter athin a bit o land. A smaw loch is cawed a lochan. Lochs comes in twa kynds: A sea loch is a name uised for a firth. Acause thae is connectit tae the ocean, thay are sautwatter lochs. A bit o watter hailly surroond ...

Oaxaca

Oaxaca offeecially Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca is ane o the 31 states that, wi the Federal Destrict, comprise the 32 Federal Entities o Mexico. It is dividit intae 570 municipalities an its caipital ceety is Oaxaca de Juarez. It is locatit ...

Beaivi

Beaivi, cried Beiwe, Bievve, Beivve an Biejje an aw, is the Sami name o the Sun or might refer tae the Sami Sun-deity. The Sami Sun-deity is maistly depicted as female but whiles as male an aw. In Sápmi, north o the Polar circle, whaur the Sun du ...

Chordate

Chordates, members o the phylum Chordata, are deuterostome ainimals possessin a notochord, a hollae dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, an a post-anal tail for at least some period o thair life cycles. Taxonomically, the phylum inc ...

Mollusca

Mollusca composes the muckle phylum o invertebrate ainimals kent as the Molluscs. Mollusca is the second muckle maist phylum o the hale ainimal kinrick wi aroond 85.000 extant species o molluscs recognised. Molluscs is the mucklest marine phylum, ...

Insect

Beasties is a cless o hexapod invertebrates within the arthropod phylum that haes a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-pairt bouk, three pairs o jyntit legs, compoond een an ae pair o antennae. Thay are the maist diverse group o beasts on the planet, ...

African buffalo

The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a muckle African bovine. It is no closely relatit tae the slichtly mair muckle wild watter buffalo o Aisie an its ancestry remains unclear. Syncerus caffer caffer, the Cape buffalo, is the teepical subspecie ...

Gorilla

Gorillas are ground-dwellin, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhaibit the forests o central Africae. The eponymous genus Gorilla is dividit intae twa species: the eastren gorillas an the wastren gorillas, an either fower or five subspecies. T ...

Hippopotamus

The common hippopotamus, or hippo, is a lairge, maistly herbivorous mammal in sub-Saharan Africae, an ane o anerly twa extant species in the faimily Hippopotamidae, the ither bein the pygmy hippopotamus. The name comes frae the auncient Greek for ...

Sheep

The sheep is a quadrupedal, ruminant mammal teepically keept as fermstockin. Lik aw ruminants, sheep are members o the order Artiodactyla, the even-taed ungulates. Awtho the name "sheep" applees tae mony species in the genus Ovis, in everyday uis ...

Mediterrane Sea

The Mediterrane Sea is the watter that sinders Europe, Africae and Asie. The Mediterrane Sea is a pairt o the Atlantic Ocean awmaist halely surroondit bi laund, on the north bi Europe, on the sooth bi Africae, and on the east bi Asie. It kivers a ...

Strone

A strone, gaw, gote, sheuch, stank, trink, channel or syver, is a howe rinnin alang side a gate calculate tae gaither rainwatter flowin alang the gate an diverts it intae a cundie. Whaur a cribstane is present, a strone micht semply be formed by ...

Biotite

Biotite is a common phyllosilicate meeneral athin the mica group, wi the approximate chemical formula K 3 AlSi 3 O 10 2. Mair generally, it refers tae the dark mica series, primarily a solid-solution series atween the iron-endmember annite, an th ...

Goethite

Goethite) named efter the German polymath Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, is an airn bearin oxide mineral foond in soil an ither law-temperatur environments. Goethite haes been weel kent syne prehistoric times for its uise as a pigment. Evidence haes ...

Aragonite

Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, ane o the twa common, naiturally occurrin, crystal furms o calcium carbonate, CaCO 3. It is furmed bi biological an pheesical processes, includin precipitation frae marine an freshwatter environments. Aragonites ...

Malachite

Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, wi the formula Cu 2 CO 3 2. This opaque, green bandit mineral crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal seestem, an maist eften furms botryoidal, fibrous, or stalagmitic masses, in fracturs an space ...

Garnet

Garnets / ˈ ɡ ɑːr n ə t / are a group o silicate meenerals that hae been uised syne the Bronze Age as gemstanes an abrasives. Aw species o garnets possess seemilar pheesical properties an crystal forms, but differ in chemical composition. The dif ...

Barony A Frame

The Barony A Frame is a hained umwhile pit-heid frame in East Ayrshire, Scotland, locate 2 kilometre wastlins o Auchinleck. It wis biggit in 1954 as pairt o the Barony Colliery, that first sank a pit in 1907. The colliery wis shutten doun in 1989 ...

Charadriiformes

This is a leet o the charadriiform faimilies, presentit in taxonomic order. Suborder Scolopaci: snipe-like waders Faimily Scolopacidae: snipe, sandpipers, phalaropes, an allies Faimily Pedionomidae: Plains Wanderer Faimily Thinocoridae: seedsnipe ...

Penguin

Penguins are a group o aquatic, flichtless birds that maistly bide in the Soothren Hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Heichly adaptit for life in the watter, penguins hae coontershadit dark an white plumage. Mast penguins feed on krill, fish, ...

Procellariiformes

Procellariiformes is an order o seabirds that comprises fower faimilies: the albatrosses, petrels an shearwaters, storm petrels, an divin petrels. Umwhile cried Tubinares an still cried tubenoses in Inglis, thay are eften referred tae collectivel ...

Emmy Noether

Amalie Emmy Noether wis a German mathematician that made important contreibutions tae abstract algebra an theoretical pheesics.

Oliver Heaviside

Oliver Heaviside FRS wis a self-taucht Inglis electrical ingineer, mathematician, an pheesicist who adaptit complex nummers tae the study o electrical circuits, inventit mathematical techniques tae the solution o differential equations, reformula ...

Scrotum

The scrotum, whiles colloquially cried the courage-bag, is an anatomical male reproductive structur that consists o a suspendit sack o skin an smuith muscle that is dual-chambered, present in maist terrestrial male mammals an locatit unner the pe ...

Accipitridae

The Accipitridae, ane o the twa major faimilies within the order Accipitriformes, are a faimily o smaa tae muckle birds wi strangly huiked bills an variable morphology based on diet.

Columbidae

A doo is a bird o the faimily Columbidae an the anely faimily in the order Columbiformes. The birds is fand athort the warld, but the braidest varietie bides in the airts aboont Indonesia an Australie. There is mair nor 300 species o doos in 50 g ...

Tytonidae

Barn-houlets are ane o the twa faimilies o houlets, the ither bein the true houlets, Strigidae. Thay are medium tae lairge sized houlets wi muckle heids an characteristic heart-shaped faces. Thay hae lang, strang legs wi pouerful talons. Thay dif ...

Asio

Asio is a genus o typical houlets, or true houlets, in the Strigidae faimily. The genus Asio contains the eared houlets, which are characterised bi feather tufts on the heid which gie the appearance o "ears". This group haes representatives ower ...

Columba (genus)

Species remainin in Columba is: Domestic an feral dous, Columba livia domestica Rock dou, Columba livia Laurel dou, Columba junoniae Cushat, Columba palumbus Somali dou, Columba oliviae Speckled dou, Columba guinea White-collared dou, Columba alb ...

Ostrich

The Ostrich or Common Ostrich is aither ane or twa species o muckle flightless birds native tae Africa, the anly livin member o the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family. Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich may be better consid ...

Sterna

Sterna is a genus o terns in the bird faimily Sternidae. It uised tae encompass maist "white" terns indiscriminately, but mtDNA sequence comparisons hae recently determined that this arrangement is paraphyletic. It is nou restrictit tae the typic ...

Blattodea

Blattodea is an order o insects that conteens the cockroaches an the termites. Umwhile, the termites war conseedert a separate order, Isoptera, but genetic an molecular evidence suggests an intimate relationship wi the cockroaches, baith cockroac ...

Hemiptera

Hemiptera is an order o insects maist eften kent as the true bugs, comprisin aroond 50.000–80.000 species o cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, shield bugs, an ithers.

Hymenoptera

The Hymenoptera are ane o the lairgest orders o insects, comprisin the sawflees, wasps, bees an eemocks. Ower 130.000 species are recognized, wi mony mair remainin tae be describit. The name refers tae the wings o the insects, an is derived frae ...

Carnivora

The diverse order Carnivora "flesh", + vorāre "tae devour") includes mair nor 280 species o placental mammals. Its members are formally referred tae as carnivorans, whauras the wird "carnivore" can refer tae ony meat-eatin organism. Carnivorans a ...

Lagomorpha

The lagomorphs are the members o the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, o which thare are twa livin faimilies: the Leporidae an the Ochotonidae. The name o the order is derived frae the Auncient Greek lagos + morphē. Thare are aboot aichty-seiven specie ...

Mitochondrion

The mitochondrion is a membrane boond organelle foond in maist eukaryotic cells. Some cells in some multicellular organisms mey houiver lack them. A nummer o unicellular organisms, sic as microsporidia, parabasalids, an diplomonads, hae an aa red ...

Hert

The hert is an organ fund in aw vertebrates. It is a gey strang muscle, aboot the size o a nieve. It pumps bluid throu tubes cried bluid vessels. Its raiglar contractions, or whan the hert thrimmles on the bluid oot intae ither pairts o the bouk.

Pangolin

Pangolins are mammals o the order Pholidota. The ane extant faimily, Manidae, haes three genera: Manis, which comprises fower species livin in Asie, Phataginus, which comprises twa species livin in Africae, an Smutsia, which comprises twa species ...

American black beir

The American black beir is a middlin beir hamelt in North Americae. It is the continents smawest an maist widely distributit beir species. Black bears are omnivores wi their diets varyin greatly dependin on saison an location. Thay typically live ...

Dug

The domestic dug is a uisually furry, carnivorous canid carnivoran mammal. The dug, which is sib tae the wouf, wis the first domesticatit ainimal an haes been widely kept as a wirkin, huntin, an pet companion. It is estimatit thare are atween 700 ...

Great white shairk

The great white shairk, kent as the great white, white pointer, white shairk, or white daith an aw, is a species o lairge lamniform shairk which can be foond in the coastal surface watters o aw the major oceans. The great white shairk is notable ...

Wouf

A wouf is sib tae a dug. The speshies wis the warlds maist widely distribute mammal but haes become extinct in hintle o Wastren Europe, in Mexico an hintle o the Unitit States. Wouves occur primarily but no exclusively in wilderness an remote aur ...

Vagina

In mammals, the vagina is the feebromuscular, tubular pairt o the female genital tract extendin, in humans, frae the vulva tae the cervix. The ooter vaginal appenin is normally pairtly covered bi a membrane cried the hymen. At the deep end, the c ...

Vulva

The vulva conseests o the freemit female sex organs. The vulva includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibular bulbs, vulval vestibule, urinary meatus, the vaginal appenin, an Bartholins an Skenes vestibular glands. The ...

Bird

Birds are a group o endothermic vertebrates, characterised bi feathers, tuithless beakit jaws, the layin o haurd-shelled eggs, a heich metabolic rate, a fower-chaumbered hert, and a lichtweicht bit pure tough skelet. Birds bide warldwide and rang ...

Scots birds

Scots Birds The names waled for teetles is mair tae sinder ae bird frae anither nor tae threap that is the richt ane. For ordinar a weel-kent or leeterar name. There micht weel be guid grunds for chyngin the name waled for the teetle. The list is ...

Robert Knox

Robert Knox, FRSE FRCSE MWS wis a Scots anatomist, zoologist, ethnologist an doctor. He wis the maist popular lecturer on anatomy in Britain, whaur he introducit the theory o transcendental anatomy, but is nou best kent for his involvement in the ...