ⓘ Republic o Cheenae. The Republic o Cheenae, commonly kent as Taiwan, is a kintra in East Asie locatit aff the east coast o mainland Cheenae. Subject tae an ongo ..

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ⓘ Republic o Cheenae

The Republic o Cheenae, commonly kent as Taiwan, is a kintra in East Asie locatit aff the east coast o mainland Cheenae. Subject tae an ongoin dispute wi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae that haes left it wi leemitit formal diplomatic relations, the govrenment o the Republic o Cheenae currently govrens the islands o Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu an ither minor islands. Neighbourin states include the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the wast, Japan tae the northeast, an the Philippines tae the sooth.

The Republic o Cheenae wis formally established on 1 Januar 1912 follaein the revolution o Wuchang Uprisin on 10 October 1911. Frae its foondin an till 1949 it encompassed mainland Cheenae includin Tibet an Ooter Mongolie. Central authority waxed an waned in response tae warlordism 1915–28, Japanese invasion 1937–45, an the Cheenese Ceevil War 1927–49, wi central authority strangest durin the Nanjing Decade 1927–37 when maist o Cheenae came unner the control o the Kuomintang KMT. At the end o Warld War II in 1945, wi the surrender o Japan, the Republic o Cheenae teuk ower the island groups o Taiwan an Penghu frae the Japanese Empire.

The Communist takeower o continental Cheenae in the Cheenese Ceevil War in 1949 an later Hainan, Tachen an ither ootlyin islands in the 1950s left the rulin Kuomintang KMT wi control ower anerlie Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, an ither minor islands. The KMT declared Taipei the proveesional caipital. an foondit the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae in Beijing, leadin tae twa rival govrenments claimin tae be the sole legitimate govrenment o Cheenae. Housomeivver, till the 1970s the ROC wis still recognised bi mony kintras an the Unitit Naitions as the sole legitimate govrenment o baith mainland Cheenae an Taiwan. The ROC haed been a foondin member o the Unitit Naitions an ane o the five permanent members o the Security Cooncil till 1971, when Cheenaes representative wis replaced bi the FRC via UN General Assembly Resolution 2758.

The FRC doesna recognise the legitimacy o the ROC an claims Taiwan as a pairt o the FRCs territory, despite niver haein controlled it. It seeks tae "unify" Taiwan unner the formula o ane kintra, twa systems an reserves the authority tae uise military force see Anti-Secession Law. The Republic o Cheenae rejects the PRCs claim an views itself as a sovereign state. This tension atween the twa states colors maist o the poleetical life in Taiwan, an ony attempt at declaring a Taiwanese republic in place o the Republic o Cheenae is met wi threats frae the FRC. The FRC govrenment an aa refuses tae hae diplomatic relations wi kintras which recognise the Republic o Cheenae an opposes the ROC takin pairt in organisations whaur statehuid is required; sicweys, as o 2010, anerlie 23 sovereign states hae formal diplomatic relations wi the ROC, tho maist ithers retain unoffeecial exchynges wi the ROC e.g. the American Institute in Taiwan that are diplomatic aw but in name.

In Taiwans poleetical condeetion, which is separated intae twa major concepts in cross-strait relations; the Pan-Blue Coalition majority Kuomintang supports the Ane Cheenae principle unner the terms o the 1992 consensus, unner the view that the ROC still regards itself as the sole legitimate govrenment o Cheenae. The opposition Pan-Green Coalition majority Democratic Progressive Pairty or DPP regards Taiwan tae be an independent, sovereign state synonymous wi the ROC, opposes the notion that Taiwan is pairt o Cheenae, an seeks an eventual declaration o Taiwan unthirldom.

A single-pairty state unner the KMT syne 1928, the Republic o Cheenae evolved intae a multi-pairty democracy in the 1980s an 1990s. It haes a semi-presidential seestem an universal suffrage. The preses serves as the heid o state an commander-in-chief o the airmed forces. The Legislative Yuan is the ROCs unicameral legislature. The ROC is a member o the WTO an APEC. It is ane o the Fower Asien Tigers, an haes an industrialized advanced economy. The 26t-lairgest economy in the warld, its advanced technology industry plays a key role in the global economy. The ROC is ranked hicht in terms o freedom o the press, heal care, public eddication an economic freedom.

                                     

1. Freemit airtins

Owerviews an data

  • Taiwan Travel Information and Travel Guide Lonely Planet
  • Background Note: Taiwan US Department o State
  • Taiwan entry at The World Factbook
  • Taiwan kintra profile BBC News
  • Taiwans 400 years of history New Taiwan, Ilha Formosa
  • Taiwan flashpoint BBC News

Govrenment agencies

  • Judicial Yuan
  • Naitional Assembly Archived 2005-06-30 at the Wayback Machine
  • Meenistry o Foreign Affairs
  • Government Information Office Archived 2005-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
  • Executive Yuan
  • Legislative Yuan
  • Office o the President
  • Control Yuan
  • Examination Yuan
  • Taipei Economic & Cultural Representative Office in the US
                                     
  • The Republic o Cheenae traditeeonal Cheenese: 中華民國 simplifeed Cheenese: 中华民国 pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Wade Giles: Chung1 - hua2 Min2 - kuo2 wis foondit
  • endit in 1949 this aurie haes been admeenistered bi the Republic o Cheenae ROC unner a province o the same name. The ROC admeenisters some affshore islands
  • wi the hail Cheenae civilisation. For the twa states that crys thairsels Cheenae see Fowkrepublic o Cheenae an Republic o Cheenae Cheenae is a muckle
  • Province, Republic o Cheenae whareas, the ither Cheenae namely the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae which is the ane internaitionally recognisit as Cheenae no
  • Fowkrepublic o Cheenae FRC Simplifee d Cheenese: 中华人民共和国, Tradeetional Cheenese: 中華人民共和國 pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó listen  help info or Cheenae is
  • contrast wi the Taiwan Province o the Republic o Cheenae which excludes several direct - controlled municipalities on the island o Taiwan, the aurie claimit
  • Cape Verde - Republic o Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad - Republic o Chad Chile Republic o Chile Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Hong Kong
  • Pairty o Cheenae CPC is the foondin an rulin poleetical pairty o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Cheenae The CPC is the sole govrenin pairty o Cheenae altho
  • The Banner o the Republic o Cheenae simplifeed Cheenese: 中华民国国旗 traditeeonal Cheenese: 中華民國國旗 pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Guóqí commonly kent as Taiwan
  • is the caipital o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae The ceety is kent as Peking an aw. It s locatit in the nor east o the kintra. The ceity o Beijing haes played
  • locatit off the sootheastren coast o Mainland Cheenae It haes comprysit maist 99 o the territory o the Republic o Cheenae ROC syne the 1950s. The term
  • Fujian Province admeenistered bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae an the Fujian Province o the Republic o Cheenae These are the official PRC numbers from 2009