ⓘ Banner o Germany. The banner o Germany is a tricolour consistin o three equal horizontal baunds displayin the naitional colours o Germany: black, reid, an gowd. ..


The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a destrict in the centre o North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is pairt o the soothren Ruhr urban aurie an haes ca. 324.000 inhabitants. The destricts seat is Schwelm; the lairgest o its nine touns is Witten.

Mafra, Santa Catarina

Mafra is a ceety locatit in the northren border o the state o Santa Catarina, Brazil. This ceety borders tae the state o Paraná an its urban aurie is attached tae the urban aurie o its interstate neebour, Rio Negro. This ceetys population is componit primarily o stryndants o European immigrants, especially frae Germany an Poland. This ceety is kent for its honey an aw, which is said tae hae excellent quality.


Łobez - is a toun in north-western Poland. It is the caipital o a poviat athin West-Pomerania Voivodship. It haes 10.409 indwallers. Łobez is situatit at the mouth o the Rega River.

Rockville, Maryland

Rockville is a ceety locatit in the central region o Montgomery Coonty, Maryland. It is the coonty seat an is a major incorporatit ceety o Montgomery Coonty an forms pairt o the Baltimore–Washington metropolitan aurie. The 2010 census tabulatit Rockvilles population at 61.209, makkin it the third lairgest incorporatit ceety in Maryland, behind Baltimore an Frederick. Rockville is the lairgest incorporatit ceety in Montgomery Coonty, Maryland, awtho the nearbi census-designatit place o Germantown is mair populous.

Itapiranga, Santa Catarina

Itapiranga was initially settled aroond 1920 bi German speakers frae what wis kent in German as the Altkolonie, or the eastren region of Rio Grande do Sul whaur immigrants frae the Hunsrück an ither regions o Germany haed stairtit tae establish thairsels stairtin in 1824. Tharefore, the primar leid in this aurie was Riograndenser Hunsrückisch for mony years; housomeivver, syne the 1960s the Portuguese leid, Brazils naitional leid, haes gained preference amangst maist inhabitants. Itapiranga shares a similar history wi mony touns in the northwast o Rio Grande do Sul, whaur the same migrator ...


Pyatigorsk is a ceety in Stavropol Krai locatit on the Podkumok River, aboot 20 kilometer frae Mineralnye Vody. Syne 19 Januar 2010, it haes been the admeenistrative centre o the North Caucasian Federal Destrict o Roushie. Population: 142.511 ; 140.559 ; 129.499.


ⓘ Banner o Germany

The banner o Germany is a tricolour consistin o three equal horizontal baunds displayin the naitional colours o Germany: black, reid, an gowd.

The black-red-gowd tricolour first appeared in the early 19t century an achieved prominence during the 1848 Revolutions. The short-lived Frankfurt Parliament o 1848–1850 proposed the tricolour as a banner for a unitit an democratic German state. Wi the formation o the Weimar Republic efter Warld War I, the tricolour wis adoptit as the naitional banner o Germany. Follaein Warld War II, the tricolour wis designatit as the banner o baith Wast an East Germany. The twa banners wur identical till 1959, whan the East German banner wis augmentit wi the coat o airms o East Germany. Synee reunification on 3 October 1990, the black-red-gowd tricolour haes remained the banner o Germany.

The banner o Germany haes no aaways uised black, red, an gowd as its colours. Efter the Austro-Proushyan War in 1866, the Proushyan-dominatit North German Confederation adoptit a tricolour o black-white-red as its banner. This banner later became the banner o the German Empire, formed follaein the unification o Germany in 1871, an wis uised till 1918. Black, white, an reid wur reintroduced as the German naitional colours wi the establishment o Nazi Germany in 1933.

The colour schemes o black-red-gowd an black-white-red hae played an important role in the history o Germany an hae haed various meanins. The colours o the modren banner are associatit wi the republican democracy formed efter Warld War II, an represent German unity an freedom: no anerlie the freedom o Germany, but an aa the personal freedom o the German fowk.


1. Oreegins

The oreegins o the colours black-red-gowd lie in the freedom wars o 1813 against Napoleon. The uniforms o the Lützow Free Corps reflectit thir colours. The Korps consistit o students, which wur risin against the occupation o Germany bi the French. Thay wur a voluntary unit in the airmy an came frae aw ower Germany. Thair commander wis Major Adolf von Luetzow. Syne thay war frae different pairts o Germany an war aw wearing different coloured claes, the anly possibility for them, in order tae hae a uniform appearance, wis tae colour thair claes black. Additionally thay war wearing golden coloured brass buttons as well as reid trimmings.

The German relation tae black an gowd surfaced in the radical 1840s, whan the black-red-gowd banner wis uised tae seembolise the movement against the Conservative European Order that wis established efter Napoleons defeat.

The Frankfurt Parliament haed declared the black-red-gowd as the offeecial colours o the German Confederation, wi the reid in the tricolour maist likely referencin the Hanseatic League, an the gowd an black seembolisin Austrick as its empire considered tae be "German", haed an influence ower what wad acome soothren Germany. Thare are mony theories in circulation regardin the oreegins o the colour scheme utilized in the 1848 banner. It haes been proposed that the colours wur those o the Jena Students League, ane o the radically mindit Burschenschaften banned bi Metternich in the Carlsbad Decrees. Anither claim goes back tae the uniforms mainly black wi reid facins an gowd buttons o the Lützow Free Corps, comprisin maistly varsity students an formed durin the struggle against the occupyin forces o Napoleon. It is durin the mid-nineteent century that reid became seenonymous wi revolution an Karl Marxs socialist vision. Whaiver the true explanation, thir colours suin came tae be regardit as the naitional colours o Germany durin this brief period, an especially efter thair reintroduction durin the Weimar period, thay hae acome seenonymous wi leeberalism in general.

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